Kujugunya amakamyo imiterere no gutoranya

Imiterere yikamyo

Ikamyo yajugunywe igizwe ahanini nuburyo bwo guta hydraulic, gutwara, ikadiri nibikoresho.Muri byo, uburyo bwo guta hydraulic nuburyo bwo gutwara ibintu bitandukanye na buri ruganda ruhindura.Imiterere yikamyo yajugunywe isobanurwa mubice bibiri ukurikije ubwoko bwimodoka hamwe nuburyo bwo guterura.

Ubwoko bw'imodoka

Ubwoko bwimodoka ishobora kugabanywa muburyo butandukanye ukurikije intego zitandukanye: gutwara urukiramende rusanzwe hamwe no gutwara indobo (nkuko bigaragara mumashusho hepfo).

Imodoka isanzwe y'urukiramende ikoreshwa mugutwara imizigo myinshi.Ikibaho cyinyuma gifite uburyo bwo gufungura no gufunga byikora kugirango ibicuruzwa byapakururwe neza.Ubunini bwikinyabiziga gisanzwe cyurukiramende ni: 4 ~ 6 kuri plaque yimbere, 4 ~ 8 kuri plaque kuruhande, 5 ~ 8 kuri plaque yinyuma, na 6 ~ 12 kuri plaque yo hepfo.Kurugero, ibipimo bisanzwe byurukiramende rusanzwe rwikamyo ya Chengli ni: impande 4 imbere, 4 hepfo, 8 inyuma, na 5.

Gutwara indobo yo gucukura birakwiriye gutwara ibicuruzwa binini nk'amabuye manini.Urebye ingaruka zumuzigo no kugongana kwinyubako, igishushanyo mbonera cyogutwara indobo kiragoye kandi ibikoresho byakoreshejwe ni binini.Kurugero, ibisanzwe bisanzwe bya Jiangnan Dongfeng yajugunywe mu gikamyo icukuramo indobo ni: impande 6 zimbere, 6 hepfo na 10, hamwe na moderi zimwe zifite ibyuma bifata inguni zometse ku isahani yo hasi kugirango byongere ubukana ningaruka ziterwa nigice.Kuri

11Imodoka isanzwe y'urukiramende

2 Ubwoko bwo guterura

Uburyo bwo guterura ni ishingiro ryikamyo yajugunywe hamwe nigipimo cyibanze cyo gusuzuma ubwiza bwikamyo.

Ubwoko bwa tekinike yo guterura buramenyerewe mubushinwa: Uburyo bwa F-butatu bwo gukuza uburyo bwo guterura, uburyo bwo guterura T-butatu bwo guterura, kuzamura silindari ebyiri, kuzamura hejuru hamwe no kuzunguruka impande zombi, nkuko bigaragara ku gishushanyo gikurikira.

Uburyo bwo guterura butatu ni bwo buryo bukoreshwa cyane mu Bushinwa, bufite ubushobozi bwo gutwara toni 8 kugeza kuri 40 n'uburebure bwa metero 4.4 kugeza kuri 6.Akarusho nuko imiterere ikuze, guterura birahagaze, kandi ikiguzi ni gito;ibibi ni uko uburebure bwo gufunga hasi ya gare hamwe nindege yo hejuru yikintu kinini ni kinini.

Ifishi yo guterura kabiri ikoreshwa cyane mumamodoka 6X4.Icyiciro kinini cya silinderi (muri rusange ibyiciro 3 ~ 4) byashyizwe kumpande zombi imbere yimbere ya kabiri.Hejuru ya silindiri ya hydraulic ikora neza hasi ya gare.Ibyiza byo guterura silindiri ebyiri ni uko uburebure bwo gufunga igorofa hamwe nindege yo hejuru yikintu kinini ari gito;ibibi ni uko sisitemu ya hydraulic igoye kugirango habeho guhuza silindiri ebyiri za hydraulic, ubuzima ntibumeze neza, kandi ubukana muri rusange bwikinyabiziga ni hejuru.

Uburyo bwo guterura jack imbere bufite imiterere yoroshye, uburebure bwo gufunga hasi ya gare hamwe nindege yo hejuru yikintu kinini birashobora kuba bito, guhagarara kwimodoka yose nibyiza, umuvuduko wa sisitemu ya hydraulic ni nto, ariko inkoni yimbere ya jack ibyiciro byinshi ni binini, kandi ikiguzi ni kinini.

Amashanyarazi abiri ya hydraulic silinderi ifite imbaraga nziza hamwe na stroke ntoya, ishobora gutahura impande zombi;icyakora, umuyoboro wa hydraulic uragoye, kandi impanuka zo kuzunguruka ni nyinshi.
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12Uburyo bwa F-butatu bwo gukuza no guterura T-tatu yo gukuza no guterura

13Kuzamura silindari ebyiri Kuzamura hejuru

14

Impande ebyiri

Gutoranya amakamyo

Hamwe niterambere ryamakamyo ajugunywe hamwe no kunoza imbaraga zo kugura imbere murugo, amakamyo atwara ntagikamyo yisi yose ishobora gukora imirimo yose muburyo gakondo.Uhereye kubishushanyo mbonera, byatejwe imbere muburyo butandukanye kubicuruzwa bitandukanye, imikorere itandukanye, n'uturere dutandukanye.Igicuruzwa.Ibi birasaba abakoresha gutanga imiterere yihariye kubakoresha mugihe baguze imodoka.

1 Chassis

Iyo uhisemo chassis, muri rusange iba ishingiye ku nyungu zubukungu, nka: igiciro cya chassis, ubwiza bwo gupakira, ubushobozi burenze urugero, gukoresha lisansi kuri kilometero 100, amafaranga yo gufata neza umuhanda, nibindi. Byongeye kandi, abakoresha bagomba gutekereza ku bipimo bikurikira bya chassis :

① Uburebure bwindege yo hejuru yikaramu ya chassis kuva hasi.Mubisanzwe, uburebure bwindege hejuru yubutaka bwa 6 × 4 chassis ni 1050 ~ 1200.Nini agaciro nini, niko hagati yuburemere bwikinyabiziga ari, kandi birashoboka cyane ko bitera kuzunguruka.Ibintu nyamukuru bigira ingaruka kuriyi gaciro ni diameter ya tine, gahunda yo guhagarikwa hamwe nuburebure bwigice nyamukuru.

Guhagarika inyuma ya chassis.Niba iyi gaciro ari nini cyane, bizagira ingaruka kumatwara yikamyo kandi bitera impanuka.Agaciro muri rusange kari hagati ya 500-1100 (usibye amakamyo yataye).

Ikinyabiziga gihuye neza kandi cyizewe mugukoresha


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukwakira-08-2021